The MIPS32® M4K® core implements the MIPS32 Release 2 Architecture in a five-stage pipeline. It includes the MIPS16e™ Application-Specific Extension (ASE), which improves code density through the use of 16-bit encodings of MIPS32 instructions plus some MIPS16e-specific instructions.
ASE: An application-specific extension to the MIPS® architecture. These are optional extensions defined in add-ons to the MIPS32/MIPS64 base architecture.
More information on MIPS® ASEs is provided by Imagination Technologies.
The Memory Management Unit (MMU) consists of a simple, Fixed Mapping Translation (FMT) mechanism for applications that do not require the full capabilities of a Translation Lookaside Buffer (TLB) based MMU.
The core includes a Multiply/Divide Unit (MDU) that implements single cycle 32x16-bit MAC instructions or two cycle 32x32-bit, which enable DSP algorithms to be performed efficiently.
The following key features are available on PIC32 MCUs based on this core:
- Up to 1.5 DMIPS/MHz of performance
- Programmable prefetch cache memory to enhance execution from Flash memory (external to the core)
- 16-bit Instruction mode (MIPS16e™) for compact code
- Vectored interrupt controller with up to 96 interrupt sources
- Programmable User and Kernel modes of operation
- Atomic bit manipulations on peripheral registers (Single cycle)
- Multiply-Divide unit with a maximum issue rate of one 32 x 16 multiply per clock
- High-speed Microchip ICD port with hardware-based non-intrusive data monitoring and application data streaming functions
- EJTAG debug port allows extensive third party debug, programming and test tools support
- Instruction controlled power management modes
- Five-stage pipelined instruction execution
- Internal code protection to help protect intellectual property
- Additional "shadow" GPR register set for reduced interrupt latency