How can I speed up my interrupt service routine?

You can improve the speed of an ISR (Interrupt Service Routine) by keeping the code contained in the ISR to a minimum. The more registers used by the ISR code, the more context save and restoration will be required and added by the compiler. In addition to the code you write in the ISR there is the code the compiler produces to switch context. This is executed immediately after an interrupt occurs and immediately before the interrupt returns, so this time must be included in the time taken to process an interrupt. This code is optimal in that only registers used in the ISR will be saved by this code. Thus, fewer registers used in your ISR will mean potentially less context switch code to be executed.

Mid-range devices have only a few registers that are used by the compiler, and there is little context switch code. Even fewer registers are considered for saving when compiling for enhanced mid-range device.

Generally simpler code will require fewer resources than more complicated expressions. Consider having the ISR simply set a flag and return. The flag can then be checked in main-line code to handle the interrupt. This has the advantage of moving the complicated interrupt-processing code out of the ISR so that it no longer contributes to its register usage.

Use the assembly list file to see which registers are being used by the compiler in the interrupt code.

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