PIC32MX Oscillator - Primary Oscillator

External Clock and Oscillator Modes


The Primary Oscillator (POSC) uses the OSC1 and OSC2 pins. POSC can be configured for an External Clock Input (EC mode) or an External Crystal or Resonator (XT or HS mode).

The clock frequencies associated with these modes are device dependent. Please see the specific device datasheet for details.

#pragma config POSCMOD = EC  //default = external clock
#pragma config POSCMOD = HS  //default = high-speed crystal

External Clock Mode with Output Clock


When the POSC is in EC mode, the OSC1 pin is a high-impedance input that can be driven by a CMOS driver.

EC mode also disables the internal feedback buffer allowing the OSC2/CLKO pin to be used for other functions (general purpose I/O or as a clock out). The output clock provided on the CLKO pin is the Peripheral Bus Clock (PBCLK).

#pragma config OSCIOFNC = ON  // clock out enabled
#pragma config OSCIOFNC = OFF // clock out disabled
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