PIC32MZ CPU Overview

Depending on the device sub-family, PIC32MZ devices are a complex System-on-Chip (SoC), which are based on the microAptiv™ microprocessor core or the M-Class M5150 microprocessor core from Imagination Technologies Ltd.

The microAptiv™ microprocessor core is a superset of the MIPS® M14KE™ and M14KEc™ microprocessor cores. These cores are state of the art, 32-bit, low-power, RISC processor cores with the enhanced MIPS32® Release 2 Instruction Set Architecture (ISA).

The M5150 microprocessor core is a superset of the microAptiv™ microprocessor core. This 32-bit, low-power, RISC processor core uses the enhanced MIPS32® Release 5 Instruction Set Architecture (ISA).


MIPS32 microAptiv MPU core

The MIPS32 microAptiv MPU core implements the MIPS Release 2 Architecture in a five-stage pipeline. It includes support for the microMIPS™ ISA, with optimized MIPS32 16- and 32-bit instructions that provide a significant reduction in code size with a performance equivalent to MIPS32. The microAptiv MCU/MPU core is an enhancement of the M14Kc core, designed from the same microarchitecture, including the Microcontroller Application-Specific Extension (MCU™ ASE), enhanced interrupt handling, lower interrupt latency, and nativeAMBA®-3 AHB-Lite Bus Interface Unit (BIU), with additional power saving, debug, and profiling features.

The following key features are available on PIC32 MCUs based on this core:

  • microMIPS variable-length instruction mode for compact code
  • Vectored interrupt controller with up to 256 interrupt sources
  • Atomic bit manipulations on peripheral registers (single cycle)
  • High-speed Microchip ICD port with hardware-based, non-intrusive data monitoring and application data streaming functions
  • EJTAG debug port allows extensive third-party debug, programming, and test tools support
  • Instruction controlled power management modes
  • Five-stage pipeline instruction execution
  • Internal-code protection to help protect intellectual property
  • Arithmetic saturation and overflow handling support
  • Zero-cycle overhead saturation and rounding operations
  • Atomic read-modify-write memory-to-memory instructions
  • MAC instructions with up to four accumulators
  • Native fractional data type (Q15, Q31) with rounding support
  • MIPS Digital Signal Processing (DSP) Application-Specific Extension (ASE) Revision 2, which adds DSP capabilities with support for powerful data processing operations
  • MIPS MCU ASE, which adds enhancements in the areas of interrupt delivery and latency
  • Multiply/Divide unit with a maximum issue rate of one 32 x 32 multiply per clock

MIPS32 M5150 MPU core

The MIPS32 M5150 MPU core implements the MIPS Release 5 Architecture in a five-stage pipeline. In addition to the features described for devices with the microAptiv core, the following key features are common to all PIC32 devices that are based on the M-Class M5150 microprocessor core:

  • Implement the latest MIPS Release 5 Architecture, which includes IP protection and reliability for industrial controllers, Internet of Things (IoT), wearables, wireless communications, automotive, and storage
  • IEEE-754 Single/Double Precision Floating Point Unit (FPU)

ASE: An application-specific extension to the MIPS architecture. These are optional extensions defined in add-ons to the MIPS32/MIPS64 base architecture. Refer to sections 50.14 and 50.15 in the "PIC32MZ CPU Reference Manual" for details on these ASEs

© 2024 Microchip Technology, Inc.
Notice: ARM and Cortex are the registered trademarks of ARM Limited in the EU and other countries.
Information contained on this site regarding device applications and the like is provided only for your convenience and may be superseded by updates. It is your responsibility to ensure that your application meets with your specifications. MICROCHIP MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND WHETHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, WRITTEN OR ORAL, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE, RELATED TO THE INFORMATION, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ITS CONDITION, QUALITY, PERFORMANCE, MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR PURPOSE. Microchip disclaims all liability arising from this information and its use. Use of Microchip devices in life support and/or safety applications is entirely at the buyer's risk, and the buyer agrees to defend, indemnify and hold harmless Microchip from any and all damages, claims, suits, or expenses resulting from such use. No licenses are conveyed, implicitly or otherwise, under any Microchip intellectual property rights.